Highlights

(See below for a selected list)

Seasonal Prediction of Indian Wintertime Aerosol Pollution using the Ocean Memory Effect

Interannual variability of wintertime aerosol pollution over northern India is regulated mainly by a combination of El Niño and the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO). Both El Niño sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies and AAO-induced Indian Ocean Meridional Dipole SST anomalies can persist from autumn to winter, offering prospects for a prewinter forecast of wintertime aerosol pollution over northern India.

Gao, M., Sherman, P., Song, S., Yu, Y., Wu, Z. and McElroy, M. B.

Science Advances, 2019

Secular decrease of wind power potential in India associated with warming in the Indian Ocean

On the basis of hourly wind data from an assimilated meteorology reanalysis dataset covering the 1980–2016 period, we show that wind power potential may have declined secularly over this interval, particularly in western India. Surface temperature data confirm that significant warming occurred in the Indian Ocean over the study period, leading to modulation of high pressure over the ocean. The warming in the Indian Ocean contributes to subsidence and dampening of upward motion over the Indian continent, resulting potentially in weakening of the monsoonal circulation and wind speeds over India.

Gao, M., Ding, Y., Song, S., Lu, X., Chen, X. and McElroy, M. B.

Science Advances, 2018

 

Selected List

(First and corresponding author papers in bold)

Ozone Pollution over China and India: Seasonality and Sources
Gao, M., Gao, J., Zhu, B., Kumar, R., Lu, X., Song, S., Zhang, Y., Jia, B., Wang, P., Beig, G., Hu, J., Ying, Q., Zhang, H., Sherman, P., and McElroy, M. B.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2020

Evaluation of NU-WRF Performance on Air Quality Simulation under Various Model Resolutions – An Investigation within Framework of MICS-Asia Phase III
Tao, Z., Chin, M., Gao, M., Kucsera, T., Kim, D., Bian, H., Kurokawa, J., Wang, Y., Carmichael, G. R., Wang, Z., and Akimoto, H.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2020

China’s emission control measures have suppressed unfavorable influences of climate on wintertime PM2.5 concentrations in Beijing since 2002
Gao, M., Liu, Z., Zheng, B., Ji, D., Sherman, P., Song, S., Xin, J., Liu, C., Wang, Y., Zhang, Q., Wang, Z., Carmichael, G., and McElroy, M.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2020

Air Quality and Climate Change, Topic 3 of the Model Inter-Comparison Study for Asia Phase III (MICS-Asia III), Part II: aerosol radiative effects and aerosol feedbacks
Gao, M., Han, Z., Tao, Z., Li, J., Kang, J.-E., Huang, K., Dong, X., Zhuang, B., Li, S., Ge, B., Wu, Q., Lee, H.-J., Kim, C.-H., Fu, J. S., Wang, T., Chin, M., Li, M., Woo, J.-H., Zhang, Q., Cheng, Y., Wang, Z., and Carmichael, G. R.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2020

Seasonal Prediction of Indian Wintertime Aerosol Pollution using the Ocean Memory Effect
Gao, M., Sherman, P., Song, S., Yu, Y., Wu, Z. and McElroy, M. B.
Science Advances, 2019

Secular decrease of wind power potential in India associated with warming in the Indian Ocean
Gao, M., Ding, Y., Song, S., Lu, X., Chen, X. and McElroy, M. B.
Science Advances, 2018

The Impact of Power Generation Emissions on Ambient PM2.5 Pollution and Human Health in China and India
Gao, M., Beig, G., Song, S., Zhang, H., Hu, J., Ying, Q., Liang, F., Liu, Y., Wang, H., Lu, X., Zhu, T., Carmichael, G. R., Nielsen, C. P. and McElroy, M. B.
Environmental International, 2018

Attribution of Aerosol Direct Radiative Forcing in China and India to Emitting Sectors
Gao, M., Ji, D., Liang, F. and Liu, Y.
Atmospheric Environment, 2018

Air Quality and Climate Change, Topic 3 of the Model Inter-Comparison Study for Asia Phase III (MICS-Asia III) Part 1: Overview and Model Evaluation
Gao, M., Han, Z., Liu, Z., Li, M., Xin, J., Tao, Z., Li, J., Kang, J.E., Huang, K., Dong, X. and Zhuang, B., Li, S., Ge, B., Wu, Q., Cheng, Y., Wang, Y., Lee, H.-J., Kim, C.-H., Fu, J. S., Wang, T., Chin, M., Woo, J.-H., Zhang, Q., Wang, Z. and Carmichael, G. R.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2018

Fine Particle pH for Beijing Winter Haze as Inferred from Different Thermodynamic Equilibrium Models
Song, S., Gao, M., Xu, W., Shao, J., Shi, G., Wang, S., Wang, Y., Sun, Y. and McElroy, M. B.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2018

Distinguishing the Roles of Meteorology, Emission Control Measures, Regional Transport, and Co-benefits of Reduced Aerosol Feedbacks in APEC Blue
Gao, M., Liu, Z., Wang, Y., Lu, X., Ji, D., Wang, L., Li, M., Wang, Z., Zhang, Q. and Carmichael, G. R.
Atmospheric Environment, 2017

Estimates of Health Impacts and Radiative Forcing in Winter Haze in Eastern China through Constraints of Surface PM2.5 Predictions
Gao, M., Saide, P. E., Xin, J., Wang, Y., Liu, Z., Wang, Y., Wang, Z., Pagowski, M., Guttikunda, S. K. and Carmichael, G. R.
Environmental Science and Technology, 2017

Improving Simulations of Sulfate Aerosols during Winter Haze over Northern China: The Impacts of Heterogeneous Oxidation by NO2
Gao, M., Carmichael, G. R., Wang, Y., Ji, D., Liu, Z. and Wang, Z.
Frontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering, 2016

Response of Winter Fine Particulate Matter Concentrations to Emission and Meteorology Changes in North China
Gao, M., Carmichael, G. R., Saide, P. E., Lu, Z., Yu, M., Streets, D. G. and Wang, Z.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2016

Modeling Study of the 2010 Regional Haze Event in the North China Plain
Gao, M., Carmichael, G. R., Wang, Y., Saide, P. E., Yu, M., Xin, J., Liu, Z. and Wang, Z.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2016

Health Impacts and Economic Losses Assessment of the 2013 Severe Haze Event in Beijing Area
Gao, M., Guttikunda, S. K., Carmichael, G. R., Wang, Y., Liu, Z., Stanier, C. O., Saide, P. E. and Yu, M.
Science of the Total Environment, 2015

Chemical and Meteorological Feedbacks in the Formation of Intense Haze Events
Gao, M., Carmichael, G., Wang, Y., Saide, P., Liu, Z., Xin, J., Shan, Y. and Wang., Z.
Air Pollution in Eastern Asia, An Integrated Perspective, 2017